Blindness metaphorically speaking lacks perception
Blindness metaphorically speaking lacks perception, awareness or judgement from others around them. In the novel Blindness, Jose Saramago portrays all characters except a doctor’s wife of going blind and deprived of their eyesight, but contrary to belief, these characters did not develop the blindness physically, but within themselves. The fragility of society was stable, but when the blindness occurred causing the society as a unit to unravel placing the society in survival mode leading to fend for their basic needs. Consequently, the deficiency of communication within the society caused their self destruction, correlating to Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” using blindness as a metaphor for ignorance and the lack of reason which they live in despite whether they can see or not, also through the aid of human nature theme, and the survival skills developed in order to fend for their basic needs.
Throughout the novel, the use of blindness is portrayed as a metaphor for ignorance to demonstrate the society’s downfall of communication. Starting off with just one person affected led to the entire nation to become blind. In the beginning of the novel the author points out a specific quote from The Book of Exhortations “If you can see look. If you can look observe.” revealing one’s eyesight does not guarantee you can see, paying attention to your surroundings and looking deeper beneath the surface of situations is what it truly means to not be blind. Which correlates to the characters in the novel expect for the doctor’s wife, their ignorance to society and life caused their blindness