The Chernobyl disaster
The Chernobyl disaster, also referred to as the Chernobyl accident, was a catastrophic nuclear accident. The disaster occurred at 01.23 am on Saturday, April 26 1986 at the Chernobyl power plant which is near the now abandoned town of Pripyat, in northern Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union, approximately 104 km north of Kiev. The inadvertent explosion took place in the fourth reactor of the power plant during the emergency shutdown of reactor whilst undergoing power failure test. It resulted in a large amount of fire which released radioactive contamination into the atmosphere and it spread across USSR and Europe. About 31 people died at the time of explosion and many people were affected from the radiation. The disaster was a unique industrial accident because of the scale of its social, environmental and economic impacts and is described as one of the most frightening environmental disasters in the world.