The phenomenon of people fleeing their homes as a consequence of persecution
The phenomenon of people fleeing their homes as a consequence of persecution, war or other conflict has always existed. The international community started to take this phenomenon seriously due to the I. and II. World Wars, which caused huge number of people escaping their home countries. During this period, the international refugee regime was created based on a treaty and an international organization, to assist and protect these vulnerable people and find solutions for them (László, 2018) The treaty was the 1951 Geneva Convention and Protocol and the created international organization was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), responsible to help millions who had fled or lost their homes. The treaty was significant, because it established a body of law concerning international migration and it formulated a legal definition to the term refugee..